The U.S. Treasury Department is in talks with some airlines about accepting their loyalty programs as collateral against government loans to help them weather the coronavirus crisis.
Other assets are also in play, including some international flight routes, planes, engines, airport gates and spare parts, according to people familiar with the negotiations, who requested anonymity because the matter is private. Applications are due Friday for the US$25 billion loan program, the second round of U.S. funds made available to airlines. The people didn’t name the airlines.
Airlines are among the industries hardest hit by the spread of the coronavirus and related government restrictions on travel. Passenger traffic in the U.S. has dropped to 5% of what it was a year earlier, and carriers have slashed flying capacity by as much as 90%.
The Treasury already has doled out a separate US$25 billion in cash assistance and loans to help airlines pay employees. American Airlines Group Inc. Chief Executive Officer Doug Parker said Tuesday that his carrier would seek a US$4.75 billion loan from the Treasury. Other carriers have declined to comment on plans to seek loans.
Airlines disclose very few financial details of their loyalty programs, including their primary source of revenue – selling miles to banks that then use them to reward customer credit card use. Delta last year received total cash proceeds of US$4.2 billion from such sales, including US$4 billion from American Express, its card issuer, according to Joe DeNardi, a Stifel analyst.
DeNardi pegged the Delta, United and American loyalty program valuations at US$21.6 billion, US$19.5 billion and US$12.5 billion respectively, according to an April 1 research note. He estimated Southwest Airlines, Alaska Airlines and JetBlue's mileage plans as being worth US$10.6 billion, US$4.4 billion and US$2.1 billion, respectively.
There is concern that if travel demand doesn’t rebound, airlines will have very few unencumbered assets left, and that would restrict the availability of collateral for later financing down the road, one of the people said.
Airlines already have tapped banks for billions in new debt. They have parked thousands of aircraft, consolidated facilities, frozen hiring and delayed capital projects. At least 87,000 employees have taken leaves, early retirement or reduced work hours at the three largest carriers alone.
The value of airline loyalty programs has swelled as firms including American Express and JPMorgan Chase & Co. agreed to credit-card deals that came with the promise of the lenders purchasing billions of dollars in miles each year.
Airlines have yet to execute deals similar to the one Hilton reached with AmEx on Thursday. The hotel chain agreed to pre-sell US$1 billion worth of points tied to its loyalty program to raise cash.
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